International Journal of Neurooncology

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 38--45

Chromatin dynamics orchestrates DNA repair mechanisms in glioblastoma


Tejashree Mahaddalkar1, Bhawna Singh2, Shilpee Dutt2 
1 Shilpee Dutt Laboratory, Tata Memorial Centre, Advanced Centre for Treatment, Research and Education in Cancer, Navi Mumbai, India
2 Training School Complex, Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shilpee Dutt
Tata Memorial Centre, ACTREC (Advanced Centre for Treatment, Research and Education in Cancer), Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra
India

Glioblastoma (GBM), World Health Organization grade IV, is the most lethal and aggressive primary brain tumor. Despite maximal surgical resection, genotoxic treatment with ionizing radiation, and alkylating agent temozolomide, the median survival of the patients remains less than 12 months. Resistance and recurrence in GBM have been majorly attributed to altered DNA repair mechanisms. The DNA repair in a cell is mediated by many repair genes and proteins whose expression and recruitment are controlled epigenetically by DNA methylation and histone modifications. Understanding the mechanistic details of the interplay between DNA damage response (DDR) and epigenetics to identify potential targets has emerged as an essential therapeutic strategy for GBM. This review will summarize our current knowledge of how epigenetics modulate DDR in GBM and our understanding as to how these modifications impact therapy regimens. Finally, we will discuss the recent advances in epigenetic drugs and the scope of such drugs for future applications in treating brain tumors.


How to cite this article:
Mahaddalkar T, Singh B, Dutt S. Chromatin dynamics orchestrates DNA repair mechanisms in glioblastoma.Int J Neurooncol 2021;4:38-45


How to cite this URL:
Mahaddalkar T, Singh B, Dutt S. Chromatin dynamics orchestrates DNA repair mechanisms in glioblastoma. Int J Neurooncol [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Jun 29 ];4:38-45
Available from: https://www.Internationaljneurooncology.com/article.asp?issn=2590-2652;year=2021;volume=4;issue=2;spage=38;epage=45;aulast=Mahaddalkar;type=0